The first bicycle was created by Robert Keating in Westfield, Massachusetts in 1890. That seems like an awfully strange way to start a cidery feature, but for Spoke and Spy Ciderworks in Middletown, Connecticut, this invention plays a pivotal role. The "Spoke" in "Spoke and Spy" comes from the cidery's historical location in the R. M. Keating Building in Middletown. After outgrowing his factory in Massachusetts, Keating relocated to a larger factory in Connecticut. The buildi
There truly may not be a more important apple to the heritage of the United States than the humble Winesap. While the origins of this apple are unknown, written record provides evidence of this cultivar far back into the colonial period. It is primarily attributed to New Jersey, however, where it was recorded and described by Willich and Mease in 1804. A surprising fact of this variety is that there are two different "strains" that affect the overall appearance of the apple.
The Liberty, as a cultivar, originates out of New York State. The first seedling was produced in 1955 by crossing Macoun with Purdue 54-12, which was an effort to introduce resistance to apple scab. This resistance to disease is where the name Liberty came from: It signifies the apple’s freedom from disease. Liberty apples are characterized by a deep red color over the majority of the fruit, which is reminiscent of its Macoun lineage. Liberties are an exciting variety for rea